Couples who are ready to have a child will begin their long journey with one simple question: when does ovulation occur? Ovulation is a process by which the ripest egg is released by one of the ovaries and swept towards the fallopian tube. Women have a pair of ovaries and subsequently a pair of fallopian tubes.
Ovaries don’t take turn in releasing the egg, but do so randomly. By understanding when ovulation occurs, women and their partner can arrange the best time for the sperm to fertilize the egg in one of the fallopian tubes. If the fertilization occurs successfully, the fertilized egg will settle in the womb, which marks the first phase for women for getting pregnant.
Why Is It Important to Understand When Ovulation Occurs?
It is important to understand when ovulation occurs because the released egg doesn’t live forever. After being released by the ovary, the egg has roughly one full day to be fertilized before it dies. The meeting of healthy sperm and healthy egg should occur within this timeframe. Fortunately, sperm is not as weak as egg because the former can healthily live inside women’s vagina and womb for as long as seven days. Sexual intercourse thus needs to take place within the seven days around the ovulation period if pregnancy is expected.
How to Estimate When Ovulation Occurs?
When does ovulation occur exactly? How to estimate its occurrence? The general rule that applies on women with normal menstrual cycle is that ovulation occurs 12 to 14 days before the start of the menstrual period. The ovulation timeframe may move back or forward two or three days, but the average timeframe is 12 to 14 days before the period. For women with regular 28-day menstrual cycle, their most fertile period should range between the 12th day and the 17th day since the first day of their menstrual period.
Not all women, however, have regular menstrual cycle. For those women, the timeframe of their fertile period may also become irregular. It may start earlier or later from month to month. Although precise estimation of their fertile period is difficult to do, it is safe for them to extend their timeframe from one week before the 12th day until one week after the 17th day.
Physical Clues of Ovulation
Women can rely not only on mathematical calculation to determine when ovulation occurs, but also on some physical clues that their body gives that signify the possible occurrence of ovulation. Here are some physical clues to notice.
When ovulation occurs, all animals, human included, may experience a special mating period during which their sexual desire may spike. They may feel sexy, flirty and more expectant to sexual temptation.
Around the time when ovulation occurs, women’s cervical mucus will become thicker and will change in texture due to the release of hormone estrogen.
Some women experience belly ache when their ovary releases egg.
So, when does ovulation occur? If you experience any of the aforementioned physical clues, you may expect ovulation to occur in a while and you are ready to take your first journey to getting pregnant.