Do I have bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder signed by the extreme mood change. It can be started from extremely and exaggerating happy feeling and it turns into a deep sorrow.
The patients have 2 main phases of mood. They are manic when they feel so happy and confident and depressive when they feel so sad. Usually, the patients feel the depression more than the happiness.
The Causes of Bipolar Disorder
Even the experts have no known yet what causes this disorder specifically. Some of them assume that this condition is caused by the imbalance of neurotransmitter or a substance that control brain’s function. Meanwhile, some others mention genetic factor as the main cause of this manic-depressive disorder. However, those experts have agreed that some factors are relevant to increase the risk of this disorder. The factors are a high level of stress, traumatic experiences, alcohol and drug addiction, and history of the family with the same or similar mental problems.
How Common Bipolar Disorder Is
Bipolar disorder is often found in people around 18-25 years old. They are categorized as late teenagers and young adult. That age range is indeed quite prone to the stress due to many other problems experiences. Therefore, although the tendency is already there, the symptoms already appear during those ages. However, some cases also show that Bipolar Disorder is also suffered by people younger or older than them.
The Diagnose of Bipolar Disorder
Of course, although there is a person with manic-depressive tendency around you, it should not be simply concluded that he or she has bipolar disorder. It needs a psychological evaluation to diagnose this disorder. In this case, the psychologist may ask the pattern of patient’s habit, the feeling, and what is on his or her mind. Besides, the psychologist will also ask the patient and family to give further information related to the manic and depressive episodes. Next, some observations must also be conducted to make sure about the disorder suffered by the patient.
Why is the diagnose process is quite complicated? it is because there are also some other conditions with similar symptoms. Let’s say Hyperthyroid. Therefore, physical checkup related to those two disorders are needed to conduct to ensure the patient’s condition.
The Treatment of Bipolar Disorder
The treatment of Bipolar Disorder patient basically cannot cured the patients completely. Yes, it is the only function to stabilize their mood changes. So, there are at least 4 kinds of treatments to be passed through. They are medication or drug therapy, counseling, abuse treatment, and hospitalization. The medication or drug therapy is when the doctor or psychologist allows you to consume a certain drug to stabilize your mood. The drugs are commonly around antidepressant, mood stabilizer, antipsychotic, and anti-stress. Counseling is a discussion about your problems and how to pass through the emotional episodes.
Next, if you have addicted towards a certain substance, it means you need to undergo the abuse treatment. The first step is to relieve you of the addiction anyway. Lastly, hospitalization is when your condition is already severe like committing suicide or expecting to kill others.